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Lady Gaga’s Dad Posts Stream of Angry Tweets After DOH Inspection

Lady Gaga’s Dad Posts Stream of Angry Tweets After DOH Inspection

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“Sorry guys and gals, Mr. G is angry,” he wrote

Germanotta goes "GaGa" over health department inspection.

Lady Gaga’s father, Joe Germanotta, posted a litany of tweets protesting the Department of Health inspector’s most recent visit to his New York City restaurant Joanne Trattoria.

The restaurant, which is named after Germanotta’s late sister, received 19 violation points—enough to bump its health rating from an A to a B. According to the Department of Health’s website, Joanne Trattoria also received three “critical violations” relating to the restaurant’s level of sanitation. The violations included “adulterated, contaminated, cross-contaminated, or not discarded in accordance with HACCP plan” and “food contact surface not properly washed, rinsed and sanitized after each use.”

In his Twitter rampage, which includes more than 10 angry tweets, Germanotta blames New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg, the health inspector herself, and a “bad potato in a bin with 40 good potatoes,” which was responsible for 7 of the 19 violation points and which, “when the inspector pointed it out we threw it away,” he wrote.

The restaurant currently has a “Grade Pending” posting.

  • A quality assurance engineer falsified dozens of inspection reports for SpaceX
  • The engineer worked for PMI Industries, which reviewed critical flight parts
  • James Smalley forged signatures and copied them onto false inspection reports
  • Ten of SpaceX's government missions were likely impacted by the suspect parts

Published: 20:44 BST, 23 May 2019 | Updated: 21:16 BST, 23 May 2019

An engineer at an Upstate New York company has been charged with falsifying inspection reports of parts used by SpaceX to build the Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy rockets.

James Smalley, 41, who worked as a quality assurance engineer at Rochester, NY-based machining firm PMI Industries, is accused of falsifying at least 38 inspection reports for parts used by Elon Musk's rocket company.

Prosecutors also discovered that about 76 parts were rejected during inspection, or were never fully inspected, but were still shipped off to SpaceX.

Smalley, who's scheduled to appear in court on Thursday, reportedly justified his actions by telling investigators he falsified reports to 'ship more product.'

An engineer at an Upstate New York company has been charged with falsifying inspection reports of parts used by SpaceX to build the Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy (pictured) rockets

Smalley allegedly forged the signatures of at least three investigators and used his company-issued laptop to copy and paste signatures and stamps onto falsified reports.

'According to the criminal complaint, James Smalley took the act of forgery to a new level,' Gary Loeffert, an FBI Buffalo special agent-in-charge, said in a statement.

'A potentially catastrophic level with the potential to not only cost millions of dollars, but also jeopardize years of irreplicable work.'

In January 2018, SpaceX instructed the firm SQA Services to conduct an internal audit.

The Best And The Funniest Dad Jokes Ever

Giedrė Vaičiulaitytė
Community member

Trying to determine what makes a good (or bad) dad joke is not so easy, but there are some certain ingredients that we can name. First of all, the one-liner has to be administered by a dad (not necessarily your own), it has to be both corny and somewhat amusing, and most of all it just has to have a hackneyed pun to make it the best joke ever. Although not everyone is a big fan of that type of comedy gold, there is a certain amount of appreciation any person can have for a well-timed funny pun. Especially if it's followed by thunderous laughter from the person and the classic finger-guns pose.

Oh, and if you're a dad joke aficionado like we are, you might be surprised to know, as to where these inappropriate jokes stem from. So, the first theory is because your beloved father just feels nostalgic to those times when you were little and laughed at just about anything. The other approach for these hilarious jokes is a much more anticipated one - your father wants to embarrass you as much as he can while he can. And that's precisely what these funny jokes are meant to do.

Scroll down below to see some of the best funny dad jokes around and don't forget to comment and vote for your favorites.

Meghan Markle: Who Is Prince Harry’s Bride-To-Be?

LOS ANGELES (CNN) &mdash The rumor mill has been buzzing for months. The first whispers of a royal engagement made their way across social media and the British tabloids earlier this year and soon grew into a clamor of speculation.

And the question had always been “when,” not “if,” Prince Harry and American actor Meghan Markle would announce their engagement.

On Monday, the UK royal household confirmed the pair became engaged earlier this month and that the wedding will take place in spring 2018.

Despite her very public career — as an actor, a feminist and a humanitarian — Markle has kept her personal side largely hidden. So who is she?

Executive producer Aaron Korsh, actress Meghan Markle, actor Patrick J. Adams, actor Gabriel Macht, actress Gina Torres, actor Rick Hoffman, and actress Sarah Rafferty of the television show “Suits” speak during the NBC Universal portion of the 2014 Winter Television Critics Association Press Tour at the Langham Hotel on January 18, 2014 in Pasadena, California. (Photo by Frederick M. Brown/Getty Images)

Markle, 36, grew up in Los Angeles, where she attended Immaculate Heart High School, an all girls Catholic School in the Hollywood Hills, where she was very active in theater. After she graduated in 1999, she went on to Northwestern University to earn a degree in communications.

Her breakthrough as an actor came in 2011 when she first appeared as ambitious paralegal Rachel Zane in the hit US television series “Suits,” now in its seventh season.

She has also acted in “CSI: Miami,” �” and “General Hospital.” Her film roles include Jamie in “Horrible Bosses” (2011) and Megan in “Remember Me” (2010).

In an article for Elle UK in 2015, Markle wrote about the difficulty of forging a career as a biracial actor. (Her mother is African-American and her father is Caucasian.)

“Being ‘ethnically ambiguous,’ as I was pegged in the industry, meant I could audition for virtually any role,” she wrote.

“Sadly, it didn’t matter: I wasn’t black enough for the black roles and I wasn’t white enough for the white ones, leaving me somewhere in the middle as the ethnic chameleon who couldn’t book a job.”

She spoke highly of the producers of “Suits” who “weren’t looking for someone mixed, nor someone white or black for that matter. They were simply looking for Rachel.”

‘Proud to be a feminist’

“I’m proud to be a woman and a feminist,” said Markle in a speech at a United Nations conference on International Women’s Day 2015.

She had just been named the UN Women’s Advocate for Political Participation and Leadership.

Her commitment to gender equality began many years earlier, Markle explained. As an 11-year-old she had watched a soap commercial with the tagline “women all over America are fighting greasy pots and pans.”

She described how two boys in her class said loudly in response that women belonged in the kitchen and how the younger Markle, “shocked and angry,” decided to take action. On the advice of her father, she wrote several letters, including one to the soap manufacturer and one to then-First Lady Hillary Clinton.

In the end, she explained, the commercial was changed: The word “women” was removed and replaced with “people.”

“It was at that moment that I realized the magnitude of my actions,” she said.

She went on to call for more female political participation and representation. “Women need a seat at the table,” she said. And where that’s not possible, “then they need to create their own table.”

Earlier this year she was one of more than 70 celebrities including Lady Gaga and Bono who signed an open letter urging world leaders to tackle poverty by addressing gender inequality.

And in an article for Time published on International Women’s Day, she drew attention to the stigma surrounding menstruation that threatens the education prospects of millions of girls in developing countries.

World Reacts To News Of Royal Engagement

Humanitarian efforts

“With fame comes opportunity,” Markle wrote in a column for Elle UK in November 2016, “but it also includes responsibility — to advocate and share, to focus less on glass slippers and more on pushing through glass ceilings.”

In 2016, she became a global ambassador for World Vision and traveled to Rwanda to see the impact of the charity’s clean water initiatives.

Later that year, she wrote about how childhood experiences had helped develop her “social consciousness.”

“My parents came from little so they made a choice to give a lot,” she wrote. “Buying turkeys for homeless shelters at Thanksgiving, delivering meals to people in hospices, giving spare change to those asking for it. It’s what I grew up seeing, so it’s what I grew up being: a young adult with a social consciousness to do what I could and speak up when I knew something was wrong.”

Until earlier this year, Markle ran a lifestyle website, sharing her tips on food and fashion. But she posted pieces about self-empowerment too.

“I knew I needed to be saying something of value,” she wrote last year, something about “subjects of higher value than selfies.”

Markle: We’re ‘really happy and in love’

Markle was married to film producer Trevor Engelson for two years before they divorced in 2013. It was three years later — in July 2016 — that she first met Prince Harry, introduced by mutual friends.

The two dated in secret before the Prince put an end to the speculation in November last year. In a rare public statement, he confirmed their relationship and warned the press against harassing his girlfriend.

It was almost another year before Markle spoke openly about their relationship. “We’re two people who are really happy and in love,” she told Vanity Fair in September.

“I’m sure there will be a time when we will have to come forward and present ourselves and have stories to tell, but I hope what people will understand is that this is our time. This is for us.”

The last time a divorced American became engaged to a member of the British royal family, it triggered a crisis that ended with the abdication of King Edward VIII, her future husband.

That was in 1936. Things have moved on in the past eight decades, but change does come slowly in the world of British royalty. After all, it’s only two years since the law changed to give sons and daughters of British monarchs an equal right to the throne.

&trade & © 2017 Cable News Network, Inc., a Time Warner Company. All rights reserved.

Rose Hanbury and Kate Middleton were said to have once been close

Before the scandal erupted, Rose Hanbury and Kate Middleton seemed to be friends, or, at least, seemed to be on friendly terms. A 2016 article by Hello! described Hanbury as the duchess' friend and revealed that Hanbury and her husband, David Cholmondeley, the 7th Marquess of Cholmondeley, lived just three miles away from Middleton and Prince William's residence, Anmer Hall.

Their proximity led to a natural friendship between the couples and their families, as did their mutual aristocratic backgrounds. Before the rumored affair, the two couples were said to be quite close, setting up play dates for their children and even attending weddings together. "William and David's backgrounds are similar while Kate and Rose's lives were at similar points," a source told The Sun about the friendship between the two couples.

Friends told the paper that Hanbury and Middleton bonded over their love of organic food and frequently talked about parenting. The two couples also reportedly enjoyed many dinner parties together.

[Figure Skating] Just a Few Days Into Worlds: a Bullying + Intentional Injury Scandal (or, Tonya Harding 2.0)

Hello, I haven't posted here in a while! A (very good) post was already made as a preview for worlds but just a few days in there's already been drama.

To establish some things: Mariah Bell is a skater representing the USA, who trains under the coach Rafael Arutryunyan. Eunsoo Lim represents Korea, and recently moved from Korea to Rafael's camp (which is notable for coaching many other famous US skaters eg Adam Rippon, Nathan Chen.) Both were sent to the 2019 World Championships in Saitama to rep their countries.

Sometime during a practice before the ladies short program, it was reported that Eunsoo had sustained a leg injury because of a collision during practice. Injuries and collisions aren't that uncommon, so people brushed it aside at first. However, Eunsoo's agency, All That Sports, soon released a statement claiming that not only was the injury intentional, but that Eunsoo had actually been bullied by Mariah for quite some time.

If youɽ like to see all of what has been said so far someone on Twitter has made a thread translating articles and statements. This thread will be important later, but to summarise Bell had allegedly verbally (and now physically) abused Eunsoo during her time training, getting in the way of her training to the point that the two were given different training slots and locker rooms to eachother. Another point was made that, at the time of the collision, Eunsoo was at the side of the rink, which made it EXTREMELY unlikely for her to get hit.

This situation is extremely interesting, for two main reasons. One Eunsoo's agency is said to be extremely hands-off in terms of controversies, which means this must have been important enough for them to not only make this public but report it to the Korean skating federation and the US'. Two, Eunsoo Lim is sixteen- fifteen at the time she moved to Rafael- and Mariah Bell is TWENTY TWO. Though there isn't any confirmed reason yet (most are theorizing that it's jealousy) whatever it is probably won't be enough to excuse a grown woman (again, potentially) bullying a teenager.

Now, you might be asking how is it so hard to determine what happened? Surely they can just retrieve the footage of the practice and take action accordingly? Well, Japanese competitions- such as this World Championships- have a strict anti filming/photography rule, and the practices are often not broadcast. Some people are taking this as possible evidence that this was intentional, though I think that starts crossing into conspiracy territory. Currently all evidence we have is these pictures that were taken of Eunsoo presumably in the aftermath of the collision, and of course the thread made.

This thread in question drew a LOT of attention, as you can see from the amount of likes and RTs it has. But it also attracted the attention of Adam Rippon, someone who formerly trained with Rafael but retired last season. He replied to the tweet, stating that 'NOONE has been bullying anyone' and later in the thread that ɻullying is something Rafael would never tolerate.' This drew MORE attention to the case, and people reacted extremely negatively to Adam's statement (in my opinion, rightfully so, given the whole 'I never saw it so therefore it never happened' attitude.) Things got worse when Adam seemed to be treating this as a drama opportunity liking tweets that could be perceived as hate toward him and then replying ɼhelsea with the tea' when someone claimed that Adam himself has been bullied.

As of right now, Adam is the only high-profile skater who has made a statement on this, and considering the competition still ahead I doubt Mariah or Eunsoo will either. All we can do now is wait and see if the USFSA or KSU make any statements/take action on the situation.

[Freecycling/Trading] Turns Out Devaluing Your Crypto with No Warning Is A Bad Idea

Bunz started out as a Toronto trading/bartering/freecycling Facebook group called Bumz Trading Zone in 2013. There is no cash and at best you could get subway tokens and later on gift cards, though this was mildly discouraged because it wasn't considered a "true trade". Most of the problems at this point came from people not following through on their trades but on the flipside, it seemed like you could barter for everything: a random can of chickpeas, bike parts, hot food, seaglass, plant cuttings and books.

As it got more popular, more Bunz Trading Zones popped up affiliated but moderated by volunteer moderators. There was many hobby/activity specific Trading Zones, big and small: plants, plus size clothing and weddings to name a few. As well some more social/support groups came up like housing, employment and queer dating.

In about 2016, they decided to make an app and got some angel investors. This was a bit weird, but it was a clean interface, lots of photos without the off topic chit chat. As well, for the first time you could rate trades you made, so for the first time you could review assholes who were knowingly trading broken stuff or would just ghost repeatedly. Since you are meeting strangers in public like Craigslist, it requires some trust.

It was never quite clear to me what the relationship was between the Facebook groups and the app, though. What was there to monetize? Why spend so much money building an app? There was a rumour that the Bunz groups were encouraged to go along with the app or lose the affiliation. People crossposted though so I didn't particularly care.

Then circa 2018, they decided to come up with an in- app currency called BTZ. This got a lot more pushback. After all, all these groups were founded on the idea of no cash and this is indisputably a type of cash even if there's no blockchain. It seemed like a rewards points system tacked on. Many people don't even like gift card trades and here they were proposing to add more of that dynamic. But they managed to also attract craftspeople and small popular businesses as well as make it possible to do trades between users using BTZ.

Decluttering Kondo style and don't actually want someone's random wine? Use BTZ. Have a tattoo you're saving up for, but you don't have money? Pocket the BTZ. Use it for coffee or new bras. A lot of people saw this as the death of the anti-capitalist philosophy of Bunz, but others continued to use either just the Facebook groups or not accept BTZ for trades.

On September 12, 2019 Bunz the Company decided to unilaterally devalue BTZ with no notice. You could no longer convert BTZ into Canadian dollars. They were shutting down all partnerships except those with coffee shops. Vendors were told that even though their agreement said Bunz was supposed to inform them of any changes before they were made, they would get cashed out for whatever transactions had been made for that month and then nothing. Many craftspeople were using it as an alternate income stream many people had been saving BTZ for particular services or discounts and people were pissed. They also laid off 15 people who worked there.

Notably, Bunz did not actually own many of the Facebook groups. So a group of moderators of various Zones who were very upset about the way Bunz had tried and failed to monetize the community formed a group called Palz. The original and most of the auxiliary trading groups all disassociated from Bunz and became Palz. There are very few actual Bunz Zones left and they managed to get shut out of the community they benefitted from, as far I can tell, because of greed.


Mr Lodge said the information was sent in a mix of markup language and binary that revealed details about the TV such as the operating system being used, and the device's MAC address.

A MAC address can be used to identify the network the device is connected to.


To run the tests, David Lodge from Pen Test Partners used a network inspection tool called Wireshark.

This revealed what data was captured and sent from a Samsung smart TV to the wider internet.

Samsung 'listens' for voice commands and then sends them, along with information about the device, to a company called Nuance Communications.

This service converts speech to text and the TV uses this text to search for content or carry out a task, for example.

Mr Lodge discovered that the information is sent in a mix of markup language and binary and reveals details about the TV such as the operating system being used, and the device's MAC address.

A MAC address can be used to identify the network that the device is connected to.

This data is sent with the audio, parts of which were easily identifiable during Mr Lodge's tests, and the processing service returns the transcript in plaintext.

Ken Munro from Pen Test Partners later told The Register that since Mr Lodge's original tests, a team of security experts had decoded his voice audio.

As a result they were able to replay what Mr Lodge had originally said.

This data was sent with the audio, parts of which were easily identifiable during Mr Lodge's tests, and the processing service returned the transcript in plaintext.

Mr Lodge explained in his blog that this information has the potential to be picked up by a hacker using a 'man-in-the-middle' attack.

This kind of attack is used to intercept traffic between a user’s device and the destination system, making a victim’s machine think the hacker’s machine is the access point to the internet.

Describing Samsung as 'sneaky swines', Mr Lodge wrote: 'What we see here is not SSL encrypted data. You can make out that it thinks I’ve said either Samsung, Samson or Samsong.

'Based on the limited information leaked in plaintext, there’s plenty to suggest that interesting data is making its way onto the interwebs from your TV.

'Come on Samsung, how about at least protecting it with SSL?'

An IP address revealed during the test did not belong to Mr Lodge, however, and the researcher speculated that Nuance may be leaking information about itself in the transcribing process.

In response, Samsung reiterated to MailOnline that it takes consumer privacy very seriously and its 'products are designed with privacy in mind'.

A spokesman said: 'Our latest Smart TV models are equipped with data encryption and a software update will soon be available for download on other models.'

This suggests the encryption issue may also lie with Nuance and MailOnline has contacted the company for more information.

Ken Munro, also from Pen Test Partners, recently told The Register that since Mr Lodge's blog was published a team of security experts had decoded the voice audio.

As a result they were able to replay what Mr Lodge had originally said.

To run the tests, David Lodge from Pen Test Partnets used a network inspection tool called Wireshark. This revealed what data was captured and sent from a Samsung smart TV (example pictured) to the wider internet. This data is sent with the audio and the processing service returns the transcript in plaintext

'So it does kinda spy on you, but then leaks the spied data on to the public internet,' said Mr Munro. 'The critical point about this is that Samsung haven’t encrypted the traffic.'

The original backlash began at the start of the month when The Daily Beast highlighted a line in Samsung's smart TV privacy policy that concerned privacy campaigners.

This line suggested Samsung's voice recognition technology has the potential to listen to conversations and capture 'personal or other sensitive information'.

Earlier this month, Samsung was criticised over claims its smart TVs can capture 'personal or other sensitive' conversations (policy extract pictured)

At the time of the initial claims, a Samsung spokesman told MailOnline it takes consumer privacy very seriously and that 'any data gathering or their use is carried out with utmost transparency'.

The firm then posted a blog post further clarifying where it stands on the issue.

'Samsung smart TVs do not monitor living room conversations,' said the firm.

It continued that language used in the policy -particularly the line: 'Please be aware that if your spoken words include personal or other sensitive information, that information will be among the data captured and transmitted to a third party through your use of Voice Recognition - has led to confusion.

To clarify its position, Samsung explained: 'If you enable Voice Recognition, you can interact with your Smart TV using your voice.

'To provide you the Voice Recognition feature, some voice commands may be transmitted to a third-party service provider (currently, Nuance Communications, Inc.) that converts your interactive voice commands to text.

'In addition, Samsung may collect and your device may capture voice commands and associated texts so that we can provide you with Voice Recognition features and evaluate and improve the features.'

Left: Samsung SmartTV privacy policy, warning users not to discuss personal info in front of their TV Right: 1984

— Parker Higgins (@xor) February 8, 2015

The wording of the policy concerned privacy campaigners and Electronic Frontier Foundation activist Parker Higgins tweeted Samsung's terminology was similar to an excerpt from George Orwell's 1984 (shown)

Samsung smart TV users later complained their sets had started showing Pepsi adverts while watching movies on the Foxtel, and Plex apps. The reports claimed the advert covered half the screen and disrupted the film. Samsung told MailOnline it is making an investigation into the fault its 'top priority'

And the firm stressed that it only collects voice commands when users make a specific search request to the smart TV by clicking the activation button either on the remote control, or on their screen and speaking into the microphone on the remote control.

This was confirmed by Mr Lodge during his test.

If people don't enable the feature, they can't use the interactive features, but users can disable recognition data at any time in the Settings menu.

Samsung has still not explained what it does with the data it collects, and how long it keeps it for.

Plus, at the time of writing, it hasn't updated the wording of the privacy policy to make this clearer.

A week later, users began complaining the TVs had started randomly showing adverts during the middle of movies.

At the time of the initial claims, a Samsung spokesman told MailOnline it takes consumer privacy very seriously and that 'any data gathering or their use is carried out with utmost transparency. The firm later posted a blog post further clarifying that its smart TVs 'do not monitor living room conversations'

One user wrote: 'After about 15 minutes of watching live TV, the screen goes blank and then a Pepsi advert - taking up about half the screen - pops up and stops Foxtel playing.

'It's as if there is a popup ad on the TV. I have not installed any other software or apps.'

The same issue was also reported by at least five other people on a separate thread.


Voice recognition lets the user control the TV using voice commands.

It has to be activated in the first instance, and can be deactivated at any time.

Samsung 'listens' for voice commands and then sends them, along with information about the device, to a company called Nuance Communications.

This service converts speech to text and the TV uses this text to search for content or carry out a task, for example.

In addition, Samsung said it may collect and capture voice commands and associated texts for future use, so it can improve the features.

Once enabled, Samsung told MailOnline that the voice data only consists of TV commands, or search sentences, only.

Users can recognise if the voice recognition feature is activated because a microphone icon appears on the screen.

A spokesman continued that Samsung doesn't sell voice data to third parties and the voice data is sent to a server, which searches for the requested content then sends it to the TV.

He did not explain what happens to the captured data once it is no longer needed, and MailOnline has contacted Samsung for further information.

It was initially thought to be a problem with the Foxtel app, but another forum member said he didn't have Foxtel installed on his Samsung TV but was experiencing the same issue.

Furthermore, a Redditor said they had also been shown a Pepsi advert while watching films on the Plex app on their Samsung smart TV.

Samsung told MailOnline: 'We are aware of a situation that has caused some smart TV users in Australia to experience program interruption in the form of an advertisement.

'This seems to be caused by an error, and we are currently conducting a full and thorough investigation into the cause as our top priority.

'We would like to apologise for any inconvenience experienced by our customers.'

The news followed years of concerns about how much data smart TV sets and voice recognition technology capture and send.

In 2012, Malta-based security firm ReVuln posted a video showing how its researchers had learned to crack a Samsung television to access its settings - including any personal information stored on it.

With such malware installed, hackers could use the TV's built-in microphones and camera to hear and see everything in front of it.

Last summer, a Which? investigation then discovered just how much data the manufacturers can gather.

Experts monitored streams of data coming from 2013 and 2014 models of smart TVs made by LG, Samsung, Sony, Panasonic and Toshiba.

All the brands tracked people’s viewing habits to some extent, and users had agreed to this when they accepted the TVs terms and conditions.

Most of data collected was encrypted to hide it from hackers, but a Samsung TV disclosed the tester’s location and postcode.

The firm told Which? that location is needed to operate the TV, but that a postcode isn’t required.

Samsung stressed that it only collects voice commands when users make a specific search request to the smart TV by clicking the activation button either on the remote control, or on their screen and speaking into the microphone on the remote control. The voice recognition features can also be disabled at any time

Subaru EJ201 & EJ202 Engines

SThe Subaru EJ201 and EJ202 were 2.0-litre horizontally-opposed (or ‘boxer’) four-cylinder petrol engines. Replacing the EJ20 Phase I engine, the EJ201 and EJ202 were members of Subaru’s EJ Phase II engine family which introduced newly designed cylinder heads with ‘tumble swirl’ intake ports.

Please note that this article considers the EJ201 and EJ202 engines as they were supplied in Australian-delivered vehicles specifications for other markets may vary.

Block and crankcase

Like its EJ20 predecessor, the Subaru EJ201 and EJ202 engines had an aluminium alloy block with 92.0 mm bores – with cast iron dry-type cylinder liners – and a 75.0 mm stroke for a capacity of 1994 cc. The cylinder block for the EJ201 and EJ202 engines had an open-deck design whereby the cylinder walls were supported at the three and nine o’clock positions.

The crankcase for the EJ201 and EJ202 engines had five main bearings and the flywheel housing was cast with the crankcase for increased rigidity. For the EJ201 and EJ202 engines, the crankshaft thrust bearing was relocated to the rear of the crankshaft – this reduced the transfer of natural engine frequencies to the transmission and driveline.


Air intake

Cylinder head

Camshaft and valves

The EJ201 and EJ202 engines had a hollow-type single overhead camshaft (SOHC) per cylinder bank. Due to the cylinder head offset, the left camshaft was longer than the right camshaft to align the cam belt sprockets. Both camshafts were driven by a single belt which had round profile teeth for quiet operation and was constructed of wear-resistant double canvas and heat resistant rubber materials with a wire core. Furthermore, the timing belt had an automatic tensioner which allowed for thermal expansion and contraction. The recommended replacement interval for the cam belt was 100,000 kilometres or four years, whichever occurred first.

The EJ201 and EJ202 engines had four valves per cylinder that were actuated by roller rocker arms. Valve clearance checking/adjustment was only necessary every 150,000 kms.

Injection and ignition

The EJ201 and EJ202 engines had multi-point sequential fuel injection and centrally located spark plugs. The EJ201 and EJ202 engines had two ignition coils (one for each pair of cylinders, i.e. 1-2 and 3-4) which fired the spark plugs directly twice per cycle. The ignition knock control system had ‘fuzzy logic’ that enabled the maximum ignition advanced angle to be used without detonation since the programme continually adapted to changes in environmental conditions and fuel quality.

The EJ201 and EJ202 engines had a compression ratio of 10.1:1, compared to 9.7:1 for its EJ20J predecessor. According to Subaru, the better air/fuel mixing provided by the tumble swirl intake ports made the EJ201 and EJ202 engines less susceptible to detonation or pinging, enabling a higher compression ratio.

For the EJ201 and EJ202 engines, the injection and firing order was 1-3-2-4.

Reviewing the reviews: Over by Margaret Forster

Read Stephanie Cross's review, and a summary of some of the other critics' opinions, then tell us what you thought of Over. We are inviting 150 word critiques of each month's book club choice from our readers. The winner will receive £100 in National Book Tokens and will see their entry in print. Follow the link below to enter.

Daily Mail - Stephanie Cross

To the bereaved, there can be few phrases more chilling than 'You'll get over it'.

Grief, the subject of Margaret Forster's fine new novel, is living testament to a loved one's death, and the effect it has on those who remain. In the case of the Roscoe family, death is a well-established presence. Two years previously, Louise's teenage daughter, Miranda, was killed in a boating accident. But although time has healed some wounds, Lou's life is continuing to disintegrate. Her husband Don has become a stranger, obsessed with discovering 'what really happened', while her daughter Molly, Miranda's twin, has taken off on a gap year.

Forster's tightly-focused, first-person narration is utterly compelling and painfully convincing. Slowly, we come to see what Forster's central character cannot: that she, too, has been altered by loss, and become unreadable to her family.

This is a sombre book, but one that avoids slipping into an emotional monotone and, while certain aspects can seem contrived (Miranda is after all the victim of a shipwreck, just like her Shakespearean namesake), it's beautifully pitched and highly readable.

In THE TIMES, Jane Shilling praised the novel's realism, outlining the narrative's 'painful accuracy' and 'stark precision' in describing 'the corrosive effects of loss on human nature'.

'Forster's first-person account of Lou's emotional exhaustion, her bleached anger at the ruthless egotism of her husband's grief, and her inability to discern the same essential failing in her own bitter self-protectiveness is an impressive feat of observation and imagination.'

Shilling similarly identifies weakness - 'There is a glimpse, at the conclusion, of a way back to longed-for normality, but it is offered without great conviction in its redemptive power' - but attributes this to the ways 'in which authenticity does some disservice to art': 'All are eclipsed by the narrator's tender, almost motherly regard for her own suffering. Happiness is said to write white, but even pathos can pall if the claim on a reader's attention is made in a lugubrious monotone.'

Laura Barnett, THE DAILY TELEGRAPH, disagrees with the notion of authenticity: 'It is unfortunate, therefore, that Louise herself, her family and their tragedy do not carry more of a ring of authenticity'. Whilst 'there is much to admire…the allusive references through which Forster maintains suspense…the powerful sea-related imagery, the fragmented text which echoes the family's breakdown in communication', ultimately 'at no point does Louise's grief feel devastatingly, unutterably real.'

The remaining children are 'too faintly drawn they do not come to life' and 'there is a self-consciousness to Over that prevents one from truly identifying with Louise's situation. It is a conscious attempt to blur fact and fiction, but one in which the imaginary is kept too far from the real to truly engage the emotions and attention of the reader. Louise has suffered a tragic loss, and yet the reader is left wondering, pretty indifferently, "do I care?'''

Penny Perrick's review in THE SUNDAY TIMES focuses on the novel's realism – Louise's 'story bumps and skitters along with many apologies for not sticking to the point' - and praises Forster's 'discomforting fiction' and 'scrupulous inspection of the clammy and repressive intricacies of domestic life' concluding that Over is 'a serious pleasure to read.'

Olivia Laing in the OBSERVER points to Forster's talent for 'creating portraits of melancholy women sifting their memories in the wake of loss'. Laing describes Louise's first person narration as 'self-justifying,' exposing the inability of both Louise and her husband Don to recover from the loss of their daughter. Laing concludes, 'the result is a relentless, disturbing examination of what happens when the grieving process turns to ice.'